Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia And Dysgraphia Explained In Simple Terms

When I first started to notice that my little girl had the signs of dyslexia, I spoke to other parents. They would say, “that sounds like my sister, she has dyspraxia”. Or “have you thought maybe she has dysgraphia?”. This left me feeling overwhelmed and confused.

There are many learning difficulties like dyslexia, such as dyspraxia, dyscalculia and dysgraphia. It was difficult to understand the difference between them. To help parents, careers understand the difference, I designed the card below. Giving clear examples of what traits to look for in the child.

Dys-what-ia? Card

The Mooki Cards contain a “Dys-what-ia?” card. To understand the difference between similar learning difficulties. Use the card below on your phone or tablet for free!

This card is based on scientific research. Learn more, "Neurodiversity and Co-occurring difficulties".

Neurodiverse & Co-occuring Difficulties

  • Dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia and dysgraphia are due to a brain processing issue. They are all learning difficulties that can affect a child's ability to learn. The child will need extra support to help them learn.
  • A neurodiverse child may struggle to write, move and do mathematical equations. They may have more than one learning difficulty. Educational psychologists are able to assess if they have co-occurring difficulties during a formal dyslexia assessment.

Learn more about neurodiversity in dyslexic children, see "What is Neurodiversity?"

Different Types Dyslexia

Top Tips from Dyslexic Mum

What is the Difference?

  • Dyslexia -  Information processing issue. Finds it had to remember the correct order of information. Such as the alphabet, word spellings. Mixes up sounds in words, says "Beddy Bear", for "Teddy Bear".
  • Dyspraxia - Movement is an issue. Difficulties stacking bricks, messy handwriting and appears to be clumsy.
  • Dysgraphia - Struggles with writing. Writes letters wrong way round, randomly misspells words, mixes-up lower and upper-case letters.  
  • Dyscalculia - Numbers related difficulties. Struggles to recognise numbers, do simple maths equations and get maths symbols mixed-up.

All the cards are available as part of a "Mooki Cards". Complete with 56 cards and storage wallet. Perfect for using at home or in the classroom. Order your "Mooki Cards" here!

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